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CMN Advisers

The Advisers have developed expertise in different aspects of knowledge transfer and capacity development. They have broad experience with criminal justice for atrocities, international criminal and humanitarian law, government and civil society.

Elisabeth Baumgartner

Elisabeth Baumgartner holds a masters degree in law (bilingual French-German) from the University of Fribourg (Switzerland) and an LL.M (Masters in International Humanitarian Law) from the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights of the University of Geneva. Since 2002 she is admitted to the bar in Switzerland, where she worked as an attorney in Zurich before joining the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). She has also worked for the Office of the Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, is currently teaching international criminal law at the University of Lucerne (Switzerland) and coordinating a peace mediation project for the Swiss foundation swisspeace, while finishing a PhD thesis in international criminal law. She has conducted a number of CMN missions. Languages: English, German, French, Spanish.

Eugène Bakama Bope

Eugène Bakama Bope holds a law degree from the Protestant University of Congo (DRC), a master degree in human rights (University Saint Louis, Belgium). He was working as an expert and researcher for the "Commission permanent de réfome du droit congolais" (Ministère de la justice Kinshasa). He is chairman of the "Club des amis du droit du Congo". He is also a Consultant for the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR). He is a member of the "Academie africaine de théorie du droit". He has written several articles on the impact of ICC in the DRC. He is the coordinator of the summer courses on Human rights and international criminal law in DRC. Since July 2013, he is a member of African group of experts on international justice .

Dr. Olympia Bekou

Dr. Olympia Bekou is Professor and Head of the International Criminal Justice Unit of the Nottingham Human Rights Law Centre. A qualified lawyer, she specialises in international criminal law with particular expertise in national implementing legislation for the ICC. She has provided research and capacity building support for 63 States, through intensive training to more than 75 international government officials and drafting assistance to Samoa (with legislation enacted in November 2007), Fiji and Jamaica. She is responsible for the National Implementing Legislation Database (NILD) of the ICC Legal Tools Project and has researched and taught extensively worldwide. She has undertaken CMN missions to a number of countries in several continents.

Dr. Helge Brunborg

Dr. Helge Brunborg is a Senior Research Fellow in Statistics Norway. He has previously worked for the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) as a demographer/statistician (1997-98 and later as a Consultant). He pioneered the use of statistics and demography in the investigations and prosecutions of the international criminal tribunals. He has served as an expert witness in a number of ICTY trials. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics/Demography from University of Michigan and a Cand. Oecon. from the University of Oslo. He is Chair of the Panel on the Demography of Armed Conflict, International Union for the Scientific Study of Population. He has worked as a special advisor on data and analysis issues in numerous countries in Africa, Asia and Europe. He has also published a book and several articles on issues related to the demography of armed conflict.

Enrique Carnero Rojo

Enrique Carnero-Rojo holds a master's degree in law and economics from the University of Deusto (Spain) and an LL.M. degree in Public International Law (with International Criminal Law specialization) from Leiden University (The Netherlands). After working in the Appeals Section of the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, Enrique served in the Legal Advisory Section of the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) from 2004 to 2009. During his time at the ICC he assisted in the development of the Case Matrix and the other Legal Tools, inter alia by acting as secretary of the ICC Legal Tools Advisory Committee and conducting visits to relevant partner organisations. Since 2010 he is working full time on a PhD thesis on international criminal law at Utrecht University. He has lectured on specialist topics in international criminal law in Argentina, England, Luxembourg, Mexico, Spain, The Netherlands and the United Arab Emirates. He is fluent in Spanish, English and, to a more limited extent, French.

CHEAH Wui Ling

Wui Ling is an Assistant Professor at the National University of Singapore (NUS)'s Faculty of Law. She was educated at National University of Singapore (LL.B., LL.M.), Harvard Law School (LL.M.), European University Institute (Diploma in Human Rights Law, one of two diplomas awarded), and Oxford University (D.Phil., ongoing). She is a qualified lawyer, called to the New York Bar, and has a diploma in arbitration, from Queen Mary, University of London. For her postgraduate studies, she was recipient of a NUS scholarship and the Kathryn Aguirre Worth Memorial Scholarship. Prior to entering academia, she served as a legal officer at Interpol's General Secretariat (Lyon, France) where she specialized in international criminal law and cross-border police co-operation. She has also worked at the Serious Crimes Unit of Timor Leste and the Permanent Court of Arbitration (The Hague). In 2011, she was a Visiting Professional at the International Criminal Court. Her research and publications focus on international criminal law, human rights law, and criminal justice. Wui Ling has taught at the Centre of Transnational Legal Studies (London), Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3 (France), Oxford University (UK), and Royal University of Law and Economics (Cambodia).

Dr. Uwe Ewald

Dr. Uwe Ewald is affiliated with the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law in Freiburg, i. Br., Germany, as a Senior Researcher at the criminological department, conducting research on serious international crimes and preparing a European Core Crime Data Base. Since 2002, he teaches Supranational Criminology as a lecturer at the Ruhr University Bochum, Chair of Criminology and Police Science. He is the founding Executive Director of the International Justice Analysis Forum, an Internet portal which appeals to unite crime and legal analysts as well as empirical researchers in social and legal sciences in the field of serious crimes of international concern, first and foremost international core crimes. From 2002 till 2009, he worked as a crime analyst for the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, mainly conducting strategic analysis. Due to his legal background (Dr. iur.) he has been working (beside his academic positions) as a defense counsel, in particular in state crime cases in Germany. He began his academic career at the Humboldt University Berlin, and conducted research and hold teaching positions at different universities, in particular at Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, and the Free University Berlin. 

Dr. Seena Fazel

Dr. Seena Fazel is Clinical Senior Lecturer in Forensic Psychiatry at the University of Oxford. He is an international authority on the mental health of prisoners, their suicide risk, and the relationship between severe mental illness and violence. He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, before training in psychiatry at Oxford. He is currently assistant editor of the Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. He can provide advice on the use of psychiatric expertise in core international crimes justice processes.

Marit Formo

Marit Formo holds a law degree from the University of Oslo. She has worked as a police prosecutor in Oslo Police District and the National Criminal Investigation Service since February 2000. Her responsibility as a prosecutor has mainly involved cases concerning organised crime and international crimes. For two periods she has been acting as a senior public prosecutor, prosecuting several cases in court, including concerning financing of terrorism. She currently works as a police prosecutor at the Norwegian national unit for investigation of international crimes. The unit holds exclusive powers in Norway to investigate war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity committed abroad by persons currently staying in Norway.

Siri S. Frigaard

Siri S. Frigaard is the Chief Public Prosecutor and Director of the Norwegian National Authority for Prosecution of Organised and Other Serious Crime since 1 August 2005. The office is working with cases concerning the core international crimes in addition to terrorism crime, computer crime, sexual abuse of children on the Internet as well as organised crime. Prior to this appointment, Frigaard was the Deputy Director of the National Criminal Investigation Service (NCIS) in Norway (from 1 May 2003). From January 2002 until May 2003, she was Deputy General Prosecutor for Serious Crimes in East Timor, in charge of the investigation and prosecution of the serious crimes committed in the country prior to 24 October1999. She has also been serving as a Senior Prosecutor and Special Legal Adviser to the General Prosecutor of Albania from June 1999 to October 2001. Actually, she is also a member of the Norwegian Parliament’s Select Committee, as well as being member of the Executive Committee of the International Association of Prosecutors (IAP).

Mark Harmon

Mark B. Harmon is the Co-Investigating Judge at the ECCC in Cambodia. He worked for many years as a Senior Trial Attorney at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). He was lead counsel in a number of important prosecutions there since 1994, including the case of the Prosecutor v. Krstic which resulted in the first conviction of genocide at the ICTY. Before his work at the ICTY, Harmon was a Federal Prosecutor at the United States Department of Justice in Washington, D.C., having served in two litigation sections: the Environmental Crimes Section and the Civil Rights Criminal Section. He also served as a Deputy Public Defender in Santa Clara County in California. He is a frequent lecturer at university seminars.

Dr. Robert Heinsch

Dr. Robert W. Heinsch, LL.M. is an Assistant Professor at the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies of Leiden University. Previously, he has been a Senior Research Fellow at the Chair for International and European Law and the Law Centre for International and European Cooperation of the University of Cologne. He has also worked as a Legal Officer for the Vice President at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague and as Legal Advisor in the International Law and International Institutions Department of the German Red Cross Headquarters in Berlin. During his time at the ICC he was member of the Legal Tools Advisory Committee. In addition, he has been a Visiting Lecturer for International Criminal Law and International Humanitarian Law at the Ruhr-University of Bochum and has been associated with the Institute for International Law of Peace and Armed Conflict (IFHV). He is corresponding Author of the German Journal of Peace and Armed Conflict (JILPAC); Member of the German Working Group for International Criminal Law; Member of the United Nations Association (UNA) of Germany; and Member of the International Law Association (ILA). He holds a Dr. jur. (Ph.D. in Law) Degree from the University of Cologne, an LL.M. Degree from the University of London, and the First and Second Legal State Examination which qualifies him for all juridical posts in his home country. His areas of expertise encompass International Humanitarian Law, International Criminal Law and the implementation of these areas in national jurisdictions.

Emilie Hunter

Emilie Hunter is a Researcher at the European University Institute Law Department in Florence where she works on new forms of assistance between the International Criminal Court and national forums. She is a Fellow of the University of Nottingham Human Rights Law Centre, where she was Research and Programmes Coordinator between 2007-2009. Emilie has worked for the UN in Iraq, with judiciaries and government agencies in Iran, Iraq, Kaliningrad, Malaysia, México and Thailand and NGOs in China, Iraq, México and Spain on criminal law (national and international) and international human rights standards. She is experienced in designing and implementing bespoke capacity building and knowledge transfer activities, and between 2005-2009, oversaw the creation and development of the National Implementing Legislation Database (NILD) of the ICC Legal Tools Project. She has been on CMN missions to a number of countries in three continents.

Sangkul Kim

Dr. Sangkul Kim is a Research Fellow at the Centre for International Law Research and Policy and Part-Time Lecturer at Korea University Graduate School, Department of Law, Seoul. He served as Associate Legal Adviser at the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (2004-08), as a member of Legal Advisory Section, Lubanga Trial Team, Bemba Trial Team, and Katanga and Ngudjolo Trial Team. He earned a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) degree from Korea University and Master of Laws (LL.M.) from Georgetown University Law Center. In 2015, he obtained Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.) degree from Georgetown University Law Center. His doctoral dissertation (‘A Collective Theory of Genocidal Intent’) explored the concept of genocidal intent from a collective perspective, whilst criticizing the individualistic approaches to genocidal intent which have thus far governed the relevant jurisprudential and academic analysis.

Petter Mandt

Petter Mandt works as a Senior Public Prosecutor at the National Authority for Prosecution of Organised and Other Serious Crimes in Norway. The Authority has overall responsibility for the prosecution of cases investigated by the National Criminal Investigation Service and for guiding and monitoring the work performed in the criminal cases regarding international crimes, including genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. He has earlier worked as a Public Prosecutor at the Oslo Police District and as a Senior Public Prosecutor at the Public Prosecution Authority for the Region of Oslo. He has a law degree from the University of Oslo, Faculty of Law.

Khondoker Mehdi Maswood

Khondoker Mehdi Maswood is currently serving as a Senior Consultant of International Crime Tribunal-Bangladesh (ICT-BD), Judicial Administration Training Institute (JATI), Bangladesh Judicial Service Commission (BJSC), Legal Aid Project Bangladesh and Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs Bangladesh. He earned his master's degree from the Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka. He has obtained various national and international certifications in the arena of computer science and software administration. Mr. Maswood has trained more than 2,000 sitting judges and magistrates as well as more than 500 public prosecutors and government pleaders of Bangladesh. He also trained more than 1,000 court support staff. He has provided training on the Case Matrix. He has developed the database software Case Management System (CMS), the Court Cause List Display Database System, and the Monitoring Database Tool (MDT) for DANIDA-HRGG. He has provided various databases and dynamic websites for government and private organizations. He has done CMN activities in Bangladesh and Indonesia.

Magali Maystre

Magali Maystre is Legal Officer (LO) in the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). As the LO to Appeal Judge Fausto Pocar, she works not only on ICTY cases but also on International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) cases. She was formerly a Board Member of TRIAL (Track Impunity Always) and co-directed together with Elisabeth Baumgartner the Legal Tools Project, which TRIAL joined as an outsourcing partner (2008-2010). Her previous experience includes positions as a Legal Assistant in the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Independent Expert to the European Union-China Dialogue Seminar on Human Rights, Judge's Assistant at the United Nations Administrative Tribunal (UNAT) and Assistant to the Swiss Delegation for the United Nations Human Rights Commission. She has also taught international criminal law courses to human rights defenders in Geneva. She has previously been a Law Clerk in the Legal Advisory Section in the Office of the Prosecutor of the ICC and in the Prosecution Division of the Office of the Prosecutor of the ICTR. Magali holds a D.E.A. (postgraduate degree, M.Phil. equivalent) in international law from the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. Her DEAs thesis on contemporary issues regarding child soldiers in international humanitarian law and international criminal law was awarded the Association des Fonctionnaires Internationaux Suisses (AFIS) Prize in 2007 and was published as a book. She has published on various international criminal law issues, including on the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL).

Salim A. Nakhjavani

Salim A. Nakhjavani currently serves as Assistant Co-Prosecutor at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. He has taught and published in the field of international criminal law as Lecturer (2006-2008) and Senior Lecturer (2009-2011) in Public Law at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. His most recent research focuses on complexity theory and international law; other research interests include international criminal law and procedure and international sustainable development law. Prior to his appointment at UCT, he served as Associate Human Rights Officer at the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (2005), working on a review of judicial processes in Indonesia and Timor-Leste, and as Assistant Legal Adviser and consultant at the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (2003-2004), where he was involved in the preparatory and initial investigative activities of that Office. He was elected to the Whewell Scholarship in International Law in the University of Cambridge in 2002. He has lectured on international human rights law and specialist topics in international criminal law in several countries. He has done CMN capacity-building work, inter alia, in Bangladesh. 

Elisa Novic

Elisa Novic is a Ph.D. candidate at the Law Department of the European University Institute, where she works on the concept of cultural genocide, considering in particular the intentional destruction of groups' culture in international law. She holds Masters degrees in both European Law and International Relations from the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. She has worked as a Program Assistant at the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) in Brussels, where she had previously served as a Research Intern within the Afghanistan program. She has also gained professional experience in the diplomatic field through various internships; namely, at the Delegation of the European Commission to the United Nations in New York and at the Political Chancery of the French Embassy to the Republic of Korea. She is a native French-speaker, is fluent in English and Italian and has basic knowledge of Spanish. She has been on several CMN missions.

Benson Chinedu Olugbuo

Benson Chinedu Olugbuo is a Teaching and Research Assistant and PhD candidate in the Public Law Department of the University of Cape Town.  He is the UCT Team Advisor for the 2011 Phillip Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition. Before joining UCT, he was the Anglophone Africa Regional Coordinator for the Coalition for the International Criminal Court (2004-2009) where he led the campaign for the ratification and domestic implementation of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the Agreement on Privileges and Immunities of the ICC (APIC) in Sub-Saharan Africa. He has participated in the meetings of the Assembly of States Parties of the ICC since 2004 and was a delegate to the Review Conference of the ICC in Kampala in 2010. He holds an LL.M. from the University of Pretoria, an LL.B from the University of Nigeria and is a Solicitor and Advocate of the Supreme Court of Nigeria.

María Luisa Piqué

Maria Luisa Piqué has a law degree from the University of Buenos Aires, Faculty of Law, and an LL.M. from Georgetown University Law Center. She works as a core international crimes prosecutor in Argentina. Before joining the LL.M. program at Georgetown, she co-ordinated the team of young lawyers who assisted in the prosecutions of several members of the Argentinean Armed and Security Forces involved in crimes against humanity committed during the 1976-1983 military dictatorship, in the Navy's Mechanics School (ESMA), in the "Orletti Motors" detention center, and within the Operation Condor, the co-ordinated repressive effort of the Southern Cone military governments. She has undertaken CMN missions to several Latin American countries.

Christian Ranheim

Christian Ranheim is Director of the Indonesia Office of the Raoul Wallenberg Institute in Jakarta. He was formerly Programme Director of the ICC Legal Tools Programme at the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights. He obtained his law degree from the University of Oslo in 1997 with specialisation in international human rights law and international criminal law. He initially worked for a Norwegian human rights NGO and as a legal aid co-ordinator for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Sarajevo. In 2001 he co-founded and became the first director of the Judicial System Monitoring Programme in East Timor which observed and analysed the trials before the Special Panels for Serious Crimes. In late 2002 and 2003, he worked as head of a district office of the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission before joining the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights in late 2003. He has lectured extensively on international law in conflict areas and has carried out CMN competence building activities in several countries, working with state and non-governmental actors.

Dr. Joseph Rikhof

Dr. Joseph Rikhof has received a BCL, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands; a LL.B, McGill University; a Diploma in Air and Space Law, McGill University; and a Ph.D. from the Irish Centre for Human Rights. He teaches the course International Criminal Law at the University of Ottawa. He is Senior Counsel, Manager of the Law with the Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes Section of the Department of Justice, Canada. He was a Visiting Professional with the International Criminal Court in 2005 while also serving as Special Counsel and Policy Advisor to the Modern War Crimes Section of the Department of Citizenship and Immigration between 1998 and 2002. His area of expertise lies with the law related to organized crime, terrorism, genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, especially in the context of immigration and refugee law. He has written a large number of articles exploring these research interests and has lectured on the same topics in North and South America, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Australia and New Zealand.

Aleksandra Sidorenko

Aleksandra Sidorenko holds a law degree from the American University of Central Asia (Kyrgyzstan), a master degree in Information and Communication Technologies Law (University of Oslo), and is currently undertaking the LL.M. programme in public international law at the University of Oslo. She has working experience from a law firm and several development projects in Kyrgyzstan. While studying in Norway, she has done research in legal information retrieval and prepared several publications. She works as a Research Assistant at the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights of the University of Oslo.

Tore Soldal

Tore Soldal is Assistant Chief of Police and Head of a prosecution group in Oslo Police District. He obtained a law degree from the University of Bergen in 1985 with specialisation in refugee law. Until 1997, he worked as an Assistant Chief of Police in Stavanger Police District, responsible for investigation and prosecution of corruption. From 1997 to 2009, he worked as an investigator and investigation project manager at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). He has extensive experience with complex criminal cases, including serious fraud and war crimes leadership cases.

Dr. Vladimir Tochilovsky

Dr. Vladimir Tochilovsky has more than thirty years experience in criminal justice, including fifteen years on the international level. As a Trial Attorney in the ICTY, he provides legal advice on the jurisprudence of the international tribunals to the trial teams in the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the ICTY. He has chaired the Indictments Review Committee in the OTP of the ICTY and developed Regulations for the OTP. He was formerly an investigation team leader in the same Office. He served as an official representative of the ICTY to the UN negotiation process to establish the ICC and as an expert who was consulted by the ICC Office of the Prosecutor. Prior to joining the ICTY, he worked for twenty years as a District Procurator and Regional Deputy Procurator for judicial matters in Odessa Region, Ukraine. He has a Ph.D. in criminal procedure from Taras Shevchenko National University, Kiev. He authored numerous publications, including books, on international criminal justice and criminal procedure.

Dr. Patrick Treanor

Dr. Patrick Treanor retired in 2009 as Senior Research Office and Team Leader, Office of the Prosecutor of the Inter-national Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (1994-2009). He led the analysis team of that Office with more than 30 staff. Prior to that, he was, inter alia, Historian and (after January 1989) Senior Historian, Office of Special Investigations, U.S. Department of Justice (1980-1994); Intelligence Analyst, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress (1977-1980). He holds an A.B. with Honors in Russian from College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, MA, USA; M.A. in Russian and East European Studies, Yale University Graduate School; and a Ph.D. in Bulgarian History, School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University of London. He can work in ten languages. He has served as an expert witness in several cases before the Yugoslavia Tribunal, most recently in the Karadzic case, and won the 2012 M.C. Bassiouni Justice Award. He has been on several CMN missions.

Dr. William H. Wiley

Dr. Wiley is Director of Tsamota Ltd, a firm specialising in justice- and security-sector capacity-building projects in conflict and post-conflict States. He was with the Iraqi High Tribunal (2006-2008); United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (2005-06); ICC (2003-05); ICTR (2001-02); ICTY (2000-01, 2002-03); Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Office, Department of Justice of Canada (1997-99). He has worked with Case Matrix capacity building in Iraq and the Balkans, both from the perspective of prosecution services and defence counsel.   

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